Mangrove Restoration and the Role of NGOs
Mangrove forests in Indonesia continue to experience a decline in quality throughout the year due to changes in land use for various purposes such as agriculture, fisheries, and industry. Efforts to restore mangrove forest ecosystems have significant potential in increasing mangrove forest resources, protecting coastlines, and increasing biodiversity. Mangrove forest rehabilitation is a step to improve the ecological function of damaged or degraded mangrove forests so that they can return to their original state. One of the steps that can be taken is ongoing rehabilitation. The sustainable rehabilitation approach aims to produce the forest vegetation composition to peak condition (primary forest) through a succession process.
Mangrove forest restoration requires an approach that is on the environmental characteristics of the area, including the physical, chemical, biological, social, economic, and cultural aspects of the local community. Therefore, establishing policies by the local government and participating in non-governmental organizations or Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) are essential so that sustainable development efforts in coastal areas can be carried out. Non-governmental organizations or NGOs, known in English as Non-Government Organizations, refer to Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) entities established by individuals or groups to fight for social and humanitarian issues.